Abraham Lincoln 1809-1865 (American)
His full name Abraham Lincoln Hanks, was an American politician, sixteenth president of the United States and first by the Republican Party. He is perhaps one of the most important presidents in the history of the United States.
He was born on February 12, 1809, on a farm in Hardin County, Kentucky, into a humble, low-income family.
During his childhood and youth, marked by the poverty of his family, he toured the Mississippi and lived closely the inhumane conditions suffered by black slaves.
He joined the army in 1832 and in 1842 he married Mary Todd. His political career began when he joined the Whig Party and served as an Illinois legislator, congressman from 1847 to 1849, but was forced to renounce another term since he opposed the US Intervention in Mexico in 1846.
In 1854 he founded the Republican Party in Illinois, only two years later he was nominated as a candidate for vice president in the next elections, although he was defeated by William L. Dayton.
In 1856 he entered the newly constituted Republican Party, and in 1858 was once again a candidate for the Senate against Douglas.
In 1860 the Republicans nominated him, presidential candidate, initiating a campaign of restriction to slavery.
Having like opponents to the Democrats Douglas and John Breckinridge, and to John Bell, of the Party of the Constitutional Union. Lincoln won by a majority and was elected president.
In 1863, even during the Civil War, Lincoln signed the Proclamation of Emancipation, freeing the entire slave population and imposing civil rights on the amendments.
The Lincoln Emancipation Proclamation declared that all people who were held as slaves in rebel states “from now on will be free.”
The bold step of Lincoln was a military measure that he hoped would serve as a spur to the Confederate slaves to support the cause of the Union. Because it was a military measure, the proclamation was limited in many ways. It applied only to states that had separated from the Union and left slavery intact in the border states.
However, the proclamation did not name the slave states of Kentucky, Missouri, Maryland, or Delaware, which had not been added to the secession against the North, so the slaves of those states were not released.
It was only definitively abolished throughout the country on December 18, 1865, when the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States was enacted.
In addition, the proclamation announced the acceptance of black men in the Army and Navy of the Union. By the end of the war, almost 200,000 black soldiers and sailors had fought for the Union and for their own freedom.
On November 19, 1863, Lincoln delivered what would become his most famous speech and one of the most important speeches in American history, the Gettysburg Address.
Addressing a crowd of around 15,000 people, Lincoln delivered his 272-word speech on one of the bloodiest battlefields of the Civil War, the Gettysburg National Cemetery in Pennsylvania.
On Good Friday, April 14, 1865, Lincoln was murdered at the Ford Theater in Washington by John Wilkes Booth, an actor, who somehow thought he was helping the South.
Since the assassination of Lincoln, three other presidents have met with death in the same way: James Garfield, William McKinley and John Kennedy.
Important Summarized Data:
• Abraham Lincoln Hanks
When was born?
• February 12, 1809 in Hodgenville, in the current County of LaRue (LaRue County) of the State of Kentucky.
What studies did I have?
• In 1836 he obtained a degree in law.
Who were the parents
• Thomas Lincoln
• Nancy Hanks
Who was his wife?
• Mary Todd (1818-1882)
Who were your Children?
• Robert Todd (1843-1926)
• Edward Baker (1846-1850)
• William Wallace (1850-1862)
• Thomas “Tad” (1853-1871)
When he died?
• April 14, 1865
How he died?
Lincoln was assassinated in the Ford theater, in Washington DC, by the actor John Wilkes Booth, a sympathizer of the rebellious southern states and of slavery.
How old was he when he died?
• 56 years
Where is he buried?
• They are located in the Oak Ridge Cemetery in the capital of Illinois.
What was the most important thing he did?
- He was elected a deputy from Illinois by the Whig Party in 1834 and held a seat until 1841.
- In 1837 he was one of the two members of the lower house of his state that signed a protest against slavery.
- Elected member of the federal Congress in 1846, he stood out for his open criticism of the war against Mexico.
- In 1860, the Republicans nominated him to the presidency.
- Through the Proclamation of Emancipation President Lincoln established that from January 1, 1863, all slaves in rebel territories would be free forever.
- The promotion of the approval of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution in 1865.
- Maintain the American union even in spite of the Civil War.
- Suspended the habeas corpus – the right of the person to be heard in a Judicial Court.
- He was the creator of the USSS, better known as the Secret Service of the United States.
• “You can fool some of them all the time and all of them some time, but you can not fool all of them all the time”
• “The road was difficult and slippery. I slipped, but I recovered, telling myself that this was a slip and not a fall. ”
• “Whatever you do, do it well”
• “Do not be afraid of failure, it will not make you weaker, but stronger”
• “if slavery is not wrong, then nothing is wrong”
- Lincoln suffered a lifetime of depression.
- Put a legal end to slavery.
- Never studied in any school.
- He was the first to ask for a vote for whom.
- In 1833 he was named postmaster.
- In 1932, aged 23, he served as a captain in the Black Hawk War.
- The Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. stands almost 6 meters tall and is the work of Daniel Chester French. 1920
- He was the first Republican President in the history of the United States.
- He was an excellent fighter in the ring.
- In 300 official meetings over the boxing ring, he only lost once.
- The day that Lincoln was murdered, they also killed Fido, his beloved pet, in the same way.
- He was president number 16.
- He was the first president of the United States to die murdered.
- There was a patent for a device that allowed the release of boats that had run aground.
- Lincoln’s mother died poisoned … for milk.
- Abraham decorated the coffin of his mother with ribbons.
- The Lincoln family came from England.
- A few years after his death they wanted to steal Lincoln’s body.
- He was married to Mary Todd from November 4, 1842.
- His wife Mary Todd Lincoln came from a wealthy family.
- Mary’s parents disapproved of her marriage to Abraham because of his modest origins.
- He was born in a humble cabin built in the vicinity of Hodgenville.
- His parents belonged to Little Mount Baptist Church.
- When he was injured, he was transferred to the Petersen pension, in front of the theater. There he goes into a coma and expires at 7:22 the next morning.
- Lincoln’s body was taken by train to Illinois on a 13-day trip.
- At age 26 – When he was about to get married, his girlfriend died and his heart was destroyed.
- He was the first president to wear a beard.
- He has been the highest US president with 1.91 m.
- Survived an assassination attempt in Baltimore (Maryland).
- He was able to suffer from Marfan syndrome or multiple endocrine neoplasia.
- He was not corrupt or overspent during his term as president.
- At age 24 – He filed for bankruptcy and spent 17 years paying debts to his friends.
- In the November 1864 elections, he obtained support even from members of the Democratic Party.
- It is estimated that more than 30 million people approached the train tracks when the funeral procession passed to pay their respects to the deceased president.
- He worked as a lumberjack and fought against the Indians.
- His parents were farmers