American scientist of German origin. In 1880 his family moved to Munich and then (1894-96) to Milan. He attended a Munich institute, continued his studies in Italy and finally enrolled in the Polytechnic School of Zurich (1896-1901). Obtained Swiss citizenship (1901), found employment in the Patent Office; That same year contracted marriage.
1905 was its most fruitful year, the result of the publication of four scientific papers on the photoelectric effect, Brownian motion, special relativity theory and mass-energy equivalence (E = mc²). The first earned him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921, the second his doctoral degree and the last two would consecrate him, in time, as the greatest scientist of the twentieth century.
In 1908 he began to practice as a professor of physics at the University of Bern, a position that would continue later years in Prague and finally in Berlin, where he lived until the rise of the Nazi regime made him leave Germany and move to the United States (1932 ).
On March 14, 1897, when Einstein was born, his family believed that the child had a congenital malformation from the strange shape of his head. In the back, a pronounced lump protruded. Also, he was also born overweight and cost more than the account to start talking.
He could have been President of Israel
According to different sources, in 1952 the then Prime Minister of Israel offered Albert Einstein, through a letter delivered by the Israeli ambassador to Washington, the position of President of Israel with complete freedom to develop his science.
The reasons that would have led the Prime Minister to make the proposal would have been the great admiration and the enormous respect that he felt for him, as a person and as a Jew, added to the conviction that in that position Einstein could have contributed to the scientific development of the country .
Albert Einstein politely rejected the proposal by saying that he was “shocked by the offer” but he was not sure whether he had “a natural ability to deal properly with people performing official duties”.
In the middle of his 72nd birthday, a huge crowd of fans gathered at Princeton University to greet the teacher. Einstein gave them a few minutes, but the insistence passed. Before the repetition of photographs, the physicist squeezed their tongues at the same time as he got into his car. Arthur Hasse, of the UPI agency, managed to capture the same moment of the image that later would be iconic.
7 things you didn’t know about Albert Einstein.
1. Renounced German citizenship
In January of 1896 Einstein resigned to the German citizenship since “it was preferable to be a citizen of the world”. However, some people say that he was actually trying to avoid conscription.
This decision was taken when I was only 16 years old. It was considered “without any citizenship” until it was nationalized Swiss.
2. He married the only woman in his physics class
Mileva Marić was the only woman to study physics with Einstein in Zurich. It is said that their relationship began as a friendship and by reading physical books together ended up developing into a loving relationship.
She was really good at physics and math, but eventually dropped out of it to devote herself to raising her first child with Einstein.
3. He married again, but this time with his cousin
It is said that Albert fell in love with Elsa Einstein – his cousin – while still in a relationship with his first wife.
It seems that Albert Einstein besides breaking with the scientific paradigms of the time also broke more than one heart.
4. The FBI had a 1427-page file on it
It appears that the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation began investigating it in 1933 for its relations with social and pacifist organizations, in a file that eventually resulted in 1427 pages of information about Albert Einstein.
5. His second child was admitted to a psychiatric hospital
It is said that Eduard Einstein, his second son, had great musical skills, although during adolescence decided to study medicine to become a psychiatrist.
However, at the age of 20, he was diagnosed with schizophrenia, being taken care of by his mother and passing through several psychiatric hospitals, until finally Mileva – his mother – died, leaving Eduard permanently hospitalized.
6. Had an affair with a Russian spy
The name of this Russian spy would have been Margaret Konenkova and Einstein would have known it in 1935. A long time later 9 letters were written by Einstein for Konenkova where he spoke of the relationship.
The theory that Konenkova was a Russian spy arises from a book written by a Russian exespy, although history has not been confirmed by historians.
7. Donated his Nobel Prize money to his ex-wife Mileva Marić
While Albert Einstein and Mileva Marić divorced in 1919, when he won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921 decided to donate all the money to his ex-wife.
He did it because he had promised it in the past and because she was the one who did the burden of his children.
Einstein’s brain is still preserved
Dr. Thomas Stoltz Harvey, who performed the autopsy on the corpse, obtained permission to keep the brain in a jar. In his brain was a number well above the average of glial cells, the region that synthesizes the information. Its organ was object of the numerous studies with the passage of the years.