Why does Rinitis affect me?
Even though Rhinitis usually isn’t a serious disease, it changes the quality of life for patients affected and influences school performance and work productivity, not to forget the serious expenses it causes.
The new discoveries about the mechanics of allergic inflammation of the respiratory tracks have facilitated the appearance of improved therapeutic strategies.
Also, studies have validated new methods of administration, dosing and recommended therapeutics based on scientific evidence.
Allergic rhinitis shows up after one has been exposed to certain substances such as pollen, mold and environmental factors present in animals and dust; or the rhinitis develops because of irritating odors like cigar smoke.
Allergic rinitis is traditionally divided as:
1) Seasonal, when the symptoms occur only at certain times of the year.
2) Perennial rhinitis, with symptoms throughout the year.
3) Occupational rhinitis.
Both present similar symptoms like stuffy nose, sneezing, itching, watery eyes and runny nose, among others. It is in periods of heat when allergic rhinitis presents by a majority of present pollen in the air, which provoke an inflamation of the nasal mucosa.
In many countries, the urban contamination mainly originates from motor vehicles which are the main cause of atmospheric, oxidized contaminants which include ozone, nitrous oxide and sulfur dioxide.
It is possible for contaminants to be involved in worsening the nasal symptoms of patients with allergic rhinitis and of non-allergic subjects. In addition, the smoke that escapes the exhaust pipes of diesel engines augments the formation of IgE and the allergic reaction.
In patients with slight intermittent cases of allergic rhinitis, a nasal exploration is sufficient. In patients with persistant allergic rhinitis, an full nasal exploration is advisable.
An anterior rhinoscopy, which is a rhinoscopy using a mirror, provides limited information. A nasal endoscopy is more useful.